Use of Cocopeat as a Planting Media
Media for plant growth in horticultural cultivation is available in various types of choices. One of the growing media that is often used is 'Cocopeat'. Cocopeat (coconut: coconut, peat: peat or coir) is often also called coco fiber (coir fiber) or coco coir (coir powder). This material is made from aria skin or coconut husk. Generally obtained from industrial waste that uses coconut as raw material in their products.
Coconut coir consists of fiber and cork as a liaison between the fibers. Each coconut contains 75% fiber. Coconut coir contains chemical compounds such as cellulose, lignin, charcoal, tannin, and potassium. On average, 1 coconut is able to produce coir weighing 0.4 kg with a fiber content of 30%.
Coconut coir processing produces primary products, namely (1) long fiber (fiber), (2) fine fiber or short fiber (bristle), and (3) dust or coir powder. Fibers can be processed into mattresses, carpets, geotextiles, etc., while dust / coir powder is further processed into compost, particle board for furniture, or cocopeat.
Various Variations of Cocopeat
Coconut coir powder waste originating from industry is then entered in the process of washing, heating, filtering and then thorough inspection before being processed into cocopeat. Cocopeat produced will be divided into various levels of granules and densities and then enter the packaging stage.
Cocopeat is generally packaged in the form of bulk powder packaging or in compressed packs (compressed and solid) in the form of blocks (briquettes), plank plates, and disc plates. The use of cocopeat as a growing medium is usually by adding water to decompose, develop, and aerate it.
Cocopeat weighing 1 kg can decompose into 15 liters of wet cocopeat. The structure of cocopeat which is packaged in the form of a compress is able to make cocopeat decompose within a period of 10 years of use. This is very advantageous because the utilization of cocopeat can last longer.
Benefits of Using Cocopeat
Cocopeat is commonly used in agriculture and horticulture as well as absorbent in industry. In agriculture and horticulture, cocopeat is used as a growing medium for cultivation, including hydroponic growing media as a substitute for soil media. Unfortunately, the nutrient content in cocopeat is low, so it is necessary to add other components as a planting medium to replace soil. The addition of compost or other organic fertilizers and husks will be a good alternative to a mixture of planting media. Natural Cocopeat has a pH level in the range of 5.8-6 which means it is slightly acidic. However, in some popular cultivated plants, this pH range is their optimal pH range to grow well (plant pH requirements are generally 5.5-6.5). you can get best cocopeat suppliers indonesia klik>> here
What is Cocopeat
Cocopeat naturally still contains fungi, namely Trichoderma sp, which is in symbiosis with cocopeat against pathogenic fungi Pythium sp. In sterile cocopeat, Trichoderma sp is gone. One way to sterilize cocopeat from Trichoderma sp is to use hydrogen peroxide. Some cocopeat is not completely decomposed (from coconut husk) so it is still able to use the nitrogen available in the air. This condition triggers competition between the cocopeat and the plants that ride it, if the nitrogen content is not sufficient.
There are also poor quality cocopeats that still contain remnants of salt or tannin, so they need to be cleaned many times to get rid of the salt and tannin. Cocopeat is not suitable for use as a fuel because it produces a lot of smoke and produces little heat. The content of chlorine (Cl) in cocopeat is still high so that when it reacts with water it will form a compound of hydrochloric acid (HCl) which has acidic properties. Complete washing of cocopeat will make the chlorine content disappear.
Cocopeat Usage Trends
Apart from being a growing medium, cocopeat has other benefits, one of which is as a substitute for better quality coconut coir because it is free of bacteria and most of the fungal spores. Cocopeat is an environmentally friendly material. In mushroom cultivation, cocopeat is very suitable as a substrate. Cocopeat substrate provides good nutrition for fungal growth because cocopeat contains high cellulose and lignin. Cocopeat is a good absorbent material. Dry cocoa can absorb oil on slippery floors. This material can also be used as bedding for livestock and pets because it can absorb animal waste well. Cocopeat can be reused up to 3 times.
The Use of Cocopeat in the World of Hydroponics
Cocopeat serves as a good water retainer. This material is able to get wet again quickly if you add water even though it has been dry. Cocopeat is able to hold air (oxygen) approximately 1000 times more than soil media. This ability of cocopeat is very good for hydroponic methods that use fresh water